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DIANA-PHARM

Dianabol Tablets 20 mg


Description

DIANA-PHARM (Dianabol Tablets 20 mg), Oral tablets, contains Dianabol 20 mg.

Pharmacodynamics

Dianabol has anabolic and some androgenic properties. It has little progestogenic activity. Dianabol has been given orally as an anabolic drug. Anabolic steroids are synthetic derivatives of testosterone. Certain clinical effects and adverse reactions demonstrate the androgenic properties of this class of drugs. Complete dissociation of anabolic and androgenic effects has not been achieved. The actions of anabolic steroids are therefore similar to those of male sex hormones with the possibility of causing serious disturbances of growth and sexual development if given to young children. Anabolic steroids suppress the gonadotropic functions of the pituitary and may exert a direct effect upon the testes. During exogenous administration of anabolic androgens, endogenous testosterone release is inhibited through inhibition of pituitary luteinizing hormone (LH).

Indications and Usage

Dianabol has anabolic and some androgenic properties. It has little progestogenic activity. Dianabol has been given orally as an anabolic drug, which has a great effect on protein metabolism and its androgenic effect manifests itself in buildup of muscle mass and strength.

Dosage and Administration

20 – 50 mg daily.

Adverse effects

Testosterone and other androgens may give rise to adverse effects related to their androgenic or anabolic activities. These include increased retention of sodium and water, oedema, hypercalcaemia, and impaired glucose tolerance. Other effects include increased lowdensity- lipoprotein cholesterol, decreased high-density- lipoprotein cholesterol, increased haematocrit, and suppression of clotting factors. Androgens may cause headache, depression, and gastrointestinal bleeding. It has been suggested that androgens may induce sleep apnoea in susceptible patients. Abnormal liver function tests may occur and there have been reports of liver toxicity including jaundice and cholestatic hepatitis. There have also been reports of peliosis hepatis and hepatic tumours in patients who have received high doses over prolonged periods. These adverse hepatic effects have occurred primarily with the 17α-alkylated derivatives (e.g. methyltestosterone, stanozolol). In men, large doses suppress spermatogenesis and cause testicular atrophy. Epididymitis and bladder irritability can occur. Priapism is a sign of excessive dosage and may occur especially in elderly males. Gynaecomastia may occur. Androgens may cause prostatic hyperplasia and accelerate the growth of malignant neoplasms of the prostate. Continued use produces symptoms of virilism, such as hirsutism or male-pattern baldness, deepening of the voice, atrophy of the breasts and endometrial tissue, oily skin, acne, and hypertrophy of the clitoris. Virilisation may not be reversible, even after stopping therapy. Large and repeated doses in early puberty may cause closure of the epiphyses and stop linear growth. Children may experience symptoms of virilisation: in boys there may be precocious sexual development with phallic enlargement and increased frequency of erection, and in girls, clitoral enlargement. Gynaecomastia may also occur in boys. Masculinisation of the external genitalia of the female fetus may occur if androgens are given during pregnancy. After transdermal application of testosterone, skin reactions may include irritation, erythema, allergic contact dermatitis, and sometimes burn-like lesions. Skin reactions are more common with patches that contain permeation enhancers. The anabolic steroids, because they generally retain some androgenic activity, share the adverse effects of the androgens described above, but their virilising effects, especially in women, are usually less. There have been reports of adverse psychiatric effects in athletes taking large doses to try and improve performance.

Overdose

No symptoms or signs associated with overdosage have been reported. It is possible that sodium and water retention may occur.

Storage

Store in cool dry place below 30°C. Protect from light.

Packing

A carton containing 5 blisters of 20 tablets each along with pack insert.

Marketed by

México Juárez Farmacéuticos S.A.



MJ Pharma